Naučite engleski jezik kod gospodina Duncana - Lekcija 15 (SLENG)

Hi everybody, this is Misterduncan in England. How are you today? Are you ok?… I hope so! Are you happy?… I hope so! In this lesson we're going to talk about a very fascinating part of the English language.

Give me an 'S'. 'S'. Give me an 'L'. 'L'. Give me an 'A'. 'A'… Give me an 'N'. 'N'. Give me a 'G'… 'G'.

Yes today we're going to talk all about Slang.

So the first question must beWhat exactly is slang? Using slang means replacing a common word or sentence with a totally new one. The use of slang has been around for many years. It is often associated with younger people. Mainly due to the fact that each new generation wants it's own identity. So in many ways it would be true to say that slang defines a generation.

Let's take a look at a simple example of slang.

Can you see what I've got in my hand? Look!… I have some money. There are many slang words that can mean money. For exampleWe can say "Cash", "Dosh", "Dough", "Foldable Stuff", "Moolah", "Notes", "Readies", "Smackers". We can also use slang to express certain currencies. For exampleThe English Poundcould be described as… "Quid" or "Nicker". So in my hand I have 20 Quid. The US Dollar on the other handcan be called "Buck"… or "Green-Back". So I could sayIn my pocket I have 20 Bucks.

Another word that has had many slang terms given to it is the word "Great". For example, instead of saying great, we could say "That's ace", "That's awesome", "That's bad", "That's bona", "Cool", "Excellent", "Far-Out", "Intense", "Radical", "Wicked". These days, the most commonly used slang word for good or great is "Awesome!" and "Cool!". Between you and me, I think that's pretty awesome. Did you know that the word 'cool' has been around as a slang term for over 50 years!

So as you can see there are many slang words around. Although it's worth remembering that some slang terms from years ago are no longer used today. For examplein the past we may have described a woman as a bird or a chickNowadays these two terms are considered, very offensiveso if you used it today, you mayget a slap in the face!

Let's take a look at some more slang words.

Common examples of modern slang.

"Aggro". Means to fight violently with someone or use aggressive behaviour.

"Babe". A young attractive Woman.

"Barbie". A slang word from Australia, meaning barbecue.

"Berk". A stupid or foolish person.

"Cabbage". A person who is "Brain-dead" from an injury or on a Life-Support machine.

"Cancer Stick". A Cigarette.

"Chav". A poorly educated person. Often used nowadays in the UK to describe young anti-social people.

"Cheerio". This meansGoodbye.

"Chill-Out". Relax.

"Choppers". Your Teeth.

"Dead". Meaning Extremely. For example… "It is dead hot in here".

"Diamond". This is used to mean wonderful or great. Originally used in London.

"Diddle". To cheat someone or lie to them.

"Dish". A good-looking and attractive man.

"Egg-Head". A clever and intelligent person.

"Emo". A shy, emotional young person.

"Erk". An unimportant and worthless person.

"Fag". A Cigarette.

"Fancy". To be attracted to someone. I really fancy you!

"Fisty-Cuffs". A fight using the clenched hands.

"Fit". Meaning, an attractive person. She is really fit. He is really fit.

"Fuddy-Duddy". An old fussy person.

"Gay". Unfashionable or Useless. This T-shirt is so gay.

"Get a Life". Do something useful. Sort yourself out.

"Goggle Box". The Television.

"Graveyard Hours". To work through the night.

Examples of slang from the USA.

"Airhead". A stupid person.

"Bad".

This meansGood.

"Barf". To be sick or Vomit.

"Cruise". To drive or move fast.

"Dough". This meansMoney.

"Dynamite". Something that is impressive or exciting.

"Far-Out". Something that is Unbelievable.

"Gut-Full". This means Enough of. I've had a Gut-full of you.

"Hang Five". Wait a moment.

"Pad". Your apartment or home.

"Screw-Up". Make a big mistake. In the UK we say Cock-Up.

"Split". Leave. It's time to split.

"Time-Out". Take a break.

"Take it Easy". Be careful.

"Out There". Perform well.

"Wheels". Your car. Can I borrow your wheels?

"Zip". Nothing or zero.

So as you can see, the world of slang is an 'awesome' and 'far-out' place. Part of the fun of learning English is discovering these new expressions and widening your use of the language to fit into your everyday life.

This is Misterduncan in Englandsaying hang tight until next time. Bye-si-bye! "Cheerio"… "Later"… "Ta-rah". "See yawouldn-t wanna be ya!". "Goodbye!"

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