Šta raditi kada ne možete spavati: 6 minuta engleskog jezika

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Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Rob: And I'm Rob.

Neil: You look tired, Rob.

Rob: Well,

I didn’t sleep well last night.

I was tossing and turning all night,

but I couldn’t get to sleep.

Neil: Well, that’s a coincidence, as our topic

today is insomnia

- the condition some people suffer from when they find

it difficult to get to sleep when they go to bed.

Rob: Thankfully I don’t really have insomnia,

but every now and again, I find it difficult to get to sleep.

Neil: Well, keep listening and we might have some

advice to help with that, but first, a question:

What is the record for the longest a human

has gone without sleep? Is it:

A) about seven days?

B) about nine days? Or

C) about 11 days?

What do you think, Rob?

Rob: All of those seem impossible!

So I’ve got to go with the shortest - about seven days.

Neil: Well, if you can stay awake long enough,

I’ll let you know at the end of the programme.

Dr Michael Grandner is an expert in all things

to do with sleep.

He was interviewed recently on the BBC radio

programme Business Daily.

He was asked what his best tip was to help

you get to sleep if you are finding it difficult.

What was his suggestion?

Dr Michael Grandner: And it sounds counter-intuitive,

but trust me I’ve got decades of data behind

this statement:

If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.

Neil: So Rob, how does he suggest you help yourself

to get to sleep?

Rob: Well actually, he says that the best thing

to do is to get out of bed!

Neil: That sounds exactly the opposite of what you

should do, doesn’t it?

Rob: Well, he does say that his advice is

counter-intuitive, which means exactly that.

That it is the opposite of what you might expect.

Neil: And he says that this advice is backed up

by decades of research.

A decade is a period of 10 years

and when we say 'decades',

it’s a general term for many years, at least 20.

Let’s hear that advice again from Dr Grandner.

Dr Michael Grandner: And it sounds counter-intuitive,

but trust me I’ve got decades of data

behind this statement:

If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.

Neil: So why is getting out of bed good advice?

Here’s the explanation from Dr Grandner.

Dr Michael Grandner: When youre in bed

and youre not asleep

and you do that over, and over, and over again

for extended periods of time,

the ability of the bed to put you to sleep

starts getting diluted.

Not only that, it starts getting replaced

by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying,

and doing all these things. When youre not asleep,

get out of bed. This is probably one of the most

effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia.

It’s also one of the really effective ways to treat it.

It won’t work 100% of the time,

but it will actually work more than most people think.

Neil: We normally sleep in beds.

Beds are designed to make it easy to sleep,

but if we can’t sleep,

that makes the bed’s impact weaker.

As Dr Grandner says, 'it dilutes the power of the bed

to help us sleep'.

Rob: When you dilute something, you make it weaker.

For example, you can dilute the strength of a strong fruit

juice by adding water to it.

Neil: So if we stay in bed, tossing and turning,

which is the expression we use to describe

moving around in the bed trying to get to sleep,

we begin to think of the bed as place where we don’t

sleep rather than as a place where we do sleep.

So, get out of bed to break the connection.

Rob: This he says is a positive way to approach

chronic insomnia.

'Chronic' is an adjective that is used to describe

conditions that are long-lasting.

So were not talking here about

occasionally not being able to get to sleep,

but a condition where it happens every night.

Neil: Let’s hear Dr Grandner again.

Dr Michael Grandner: When youre in bed

and youre not asleep

and you do that over, and over, and over again

for extended periods of time,

the ability of the bed to put you to sleep

starts getting diluted.

Not only that, it starts getting replaced

by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying,

and doing all these things. When youre not asleep,

get out of bed. This is probably one of the most

effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia.

It’s also one of the really effective ways to treat it.

It won’t work 100% of the time,

but it will actually work more than most people think.

Neil: Time to review today’s vocabulary, but first,

let’s have the answer to the quiz question.

What is the record for the longest a human

has gone without sleep? Is it:

A) about seven days?

B) about nine days?

C) about 11 days?

What did you think, Rob?

Rob: I thought it must be about seven days.

Neil: Well, I’m afraid youre not right.

The answer, rather amazingly, is actually

just over 11 days.

Extra bonus points for anyone who knew that that

was done in 1964 by someone called Randy Gardner.

Rob: That’s extraordinary.

It’s difficult to imagine even going a couple of

days without sleep, but 11!

I wonder how long he slept for after that!

Neil: 14 hours and 40 minutes.

Rob: Youve got all the answers, haven’t you?

Neil: Well when I can’t sleep, I get up and read trivia!

And now it’s time for the vocabulary.

Today our topic has been 'insomnia'.

Rob: This is the word for the condition of not

being able to sleep.

And something that people do

when they are trying to sleep is 'toss and turn' in bed.

Neil: The opposite of what seems logical or obvious

is counter-intuitive.

It goes against what you might expect.

So if you can’t sleep, get out of bed.

Rob: Our next word is 'diluted'.

This is from the verb 'to dilute'

which means 'to make something less strong'.

Neil: And finally there was the adjective 'chronic'.

This is an expression for a medical condition

that is long-lasting.

So someone who has chronic insomnia

regularly has difficulty getting enough sleep.

It’s not just something that happens now and again.

Rob: Well, we hope that 6 Minute English isn’t

a cure for insomnia,

but I do find listening to podcasts and spoken radio

helps me get to sleep.

Neil: Well, before we all drop off to sleep from

the comforting tone of your voice, Rob,

it’s time for us to say goodbye.

That's it for this programme.

For more, find us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram

and our Youtube pages, and of course our website:

bbclearningenglish.com,

where you can find all kinds of other programmes

and videos and activities to help you

improve your English.

Thank you for joining us, and goodbye.

Rob: Bye!

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