Made by Google '19


Thurston: You know where we're going?

Osterloh: We have this idea that, in the future,

you can get help wherever you are,

for whatever you need. It's almost like it's in the air.

Thurston: Hey. What's up, man?

Osterloh: How's it going? Have you seen any of this stuff?

Thurston: Never been here. Osterloh: Come on in.

Thurston: Thank you.

Kwee: I'm not necessarily designing this for myself.

I'm designing it for people out there

that really could use an assistant in their home.

MacIntosh: There's a lot of sensors, and processors, and machine learning.

Things that are uniquely Google.

Olsson: When you combine the ultimate piece of technology

and something so human that's where magic happens.

Giusti: This vision, to me, it's really compelling,

'cause we can create a new generation of products that truly helpful.

Poupyrev: It helps you, from the background...

Thurston: Right. Poupyrev: Run in the foreground,

and the foreground is your life.

Thurston: Big picture. What's the endgame?

Osterloh: It's about making it easier every day.

Thurston: Making what easier?

Osterloh: Life. Thurston: Making life easier?

Osterloh: Yes.

Thurston: Let's take a look.

Person: Here we go.

Osterloh: Good morning.

Morning. Thanks so much for joining us here, in New York City,

and for those on the live stream for joining us, around the world.

Thanks so much.

We're gonna spend the next hour talking about the problems

we're working to solve for our users and the ways we're delivering help

for the way people need it when they need it.

We'll also take you into our labs with writer and cultural commentator

Baratunde Thurston, to hear from the folks at Google

who personally develop, design, and bring these products to life.

Now, if you look across all of Google's products,

from Search to Maps, Gmail to Photos,

our mission is to bring

a more helpful Google for you.

Creating tools that help you increase your knowledge,

success, health, and happiness.

Now, when we apply that mission to hardware and services

it means creating products like these.

New Pixel phones, wearables, laptops, and Nest devices for the home.

Each one is thoughtfully and responsibly designed,

to help you in your every day without intruding on your life.

Now, in the mobile era, smartphones changed the world.

It's super useful to have a powerful computer everywhere you are,

but it's even more useful when computing is anywhere you need it.

Always available to help.

Now, you heard me talk about this idea with Baratunde

that helpful computing can be all around you.

Ambient computing.

Your devices work together with services and AI,

so help is anywhere you want it, and it's fluid.

The technology just fades into the background when you don't need it.

So the devices aren't the center of the system.

You are. That's our vision for ambient computing.

The Google Assistant plays a critical role here.

It pulls everything together and gives you a familiar,

natural way to get the help you need.

Our users tell us they find the Google Assistant to be smart,

user friendly, and reliable.

And that's so important for ambient technology.

Interactions have to feel natural and intuitive.

Here's an example. If you want to listen to music,

the experience should be the same whether you're in the kitchen,

you're driving in your car, or hanging out with friends.

No matter what you're doing,

you should just be able to say the name of a song,

and the music just plays.

Without you having to pull out a phone, and tap on screens, or push buttons.

So think about how this vision plays out in the home

where ambient technology can make life so much easier.

When you wake up in the morning your home

knows what you need to start your day.

You can get your commute, find out when your first meeting starts,

maybe play some music on whatever speaker or screen is nearby.

And when you leave your house your lights, thermostat, door locks,

security cameras--they all just know what to do.

And your devices go silent and turn off notifications at night

when you want to relax without technology interrupting

or distracting you.

So throughout your home technology works as a single system,

instead of a bunch of devices doing their own thing.

Now, we can bring this ambient computing vision to gaming, as well.

With Stadia, our new generation cloud gaming platform,

we're aiming to deliver the best games ever made

to almost any screen in your life.

So I'm excited to share an update with y'all.

Stadia will be available on November 19th,

so you'll be able to play games wherever you want.

On your TV, your laptop, even your Pixel,

which will be the first phone to support Stadia when it launches.

We're also creating a few areas

to create more human interactions with technology,

like motion sense and the new Google Assistant for Pixel 4.

So instead of being glued to your phone,

you can use quick gestures and voice commands

and then get back to your day.

That push for quicker, more natural interactions

is leading us in new hardware directions, too,

extending the phone's capabilities in new ways.

Let's take a look.

Thurston: This is clearly a time machine.

Olsson: Yeah, exactly.

Thurston: And you're pretending to use it to test ear buds.

That's a great cover story. Right.

Left. Up. Down. Hello.

Olsson: Hi.

Thurston: Isabelle? I know you and your team

led the design for the ear buds.

Olsson: We really wanted it to just be a simple,

tiny little dot floating in your ear.

What is a simpler form than a circle, and how insanely tiny can we make it?

'Cause there's, like, two computers in there.

Thurston: Those are floating computers in your head?

Olsson: Yes, yeah.

Thurston: Do you remember how you felt when you first got the design brief

for what these ear buds were supposed to do?

Yip: I think it's crazy.

MacIntosh: Certainly, the assembly is the really challenging part of this.

All of these pieces have to go together with sub-millimeter precision.

I don't think I would have imagined we'd be able to build things

with this kind of processing power this small.

There's a lot of sensors and processors.

Little bit like building a ship in the bottle.

What we've managed to do here is not just make great headphones,

but really putting in all of the other things that are uniquely Google

about this--the ability to process your voice.

Thurston: Hello. MacIntosh: And to make a call clear,

even when you're riding a bicycle down the sidewalk.

Thurston: Yeah, yeah. Okay.

MacIntosh: A lot of software. A lot of machine learning.

It's the magic that powers the product.

Turns a great set of headphones into a Google set of headphones.

Osterloh: All right.

That was a sneak peek at the all-new Google Pixel buds.

So you can start to get an idea of what ambient computing feels like.

With Pixel buds help is there when you want it,

and the experience just comes to you, even when your phone's not in your hand.

For instance, you can get hands-free access to the assistant.

So instead of turning to your phone for quick tasks, you can just say,

"Hey, Google," and ask the assistant for whatever you need.

Resume your podcast, send a quick text, get directions,

or even understand another language with Google Translate.

Pixel buds even have a long-range Bluetooth connection

which keeps you connected,

even when your phone isn't by your side,

so you can wear them in the yard when your phone might be charging inside

or leave your phone in a locker, if you're working out in a gym.

Indoors, Pixel buds'll stay connected up to three rooms away,

and outside, they'll work across an entire football field.

Of course, Pixel buds won't be truly helpful,

unless they're also great headphones.

They have to have excellent sound quality.

They've gotta be comfortable to wear all the time,

and they need to last long enough to be useful.

That's a lot to ask of a pair of headphones,

especially because they also need to be unobtrusive too.

So we did some intricate origami with Pixel buds,

to make sure everything fit.

Custom speakers. Sensors. Custom battery.

That's usually what makes these wireless ear buds

stick so far out of your ears,

but Pixel buds gives you plenty of battery life

to get through your day.

You'll have five hours of continuous listening time on a single charge

and up to 24 hours when you're using a wireless charging case.

Now, even with all those components and long battery life,

you can see Pixel buds fits almost flush with the ear.

They're so small and light it's easy to forget you're wearing 'em.

At the same time, Pixel buds deliver excellent sound quality.

Now, you typically have to choose

between great sound and awareness of the world around you,

but Pixel buds gives you both with a unique hybrid design.

The ear buds gently seal the ear for rich bass and clear highs,

and the spatial vent underneath reduces that plugged-ear feeling

and lets through just the right amount of environmental sound.

On the software side, Pixel buds respond to your surroundings

with a new adaptive sound. The volume dynamically adjusts,

as you move from the quiet of your home to a subway or a noisy cafe,

and you don't have to constantly raise or lower the volume.

When you're on a call, beam-forming mikes focus on your voice

while voice accelerometers detect speech through your jawbone,

so a loud restaurant or a windy day

won't get in the way of your conversation.

Pixel buds will be available in the spring of next year,

and we'll share more details in the coming months,

including a few of the helpful experiences

that make good use of the on-device machine learning chips.

So as you can see, this ambient computing era's going to bring

all kinds of new interfaces, services, and devices,

but it's also introducing new challenges.

When computing's always available designing for security and privacy

becomes more important than ever.

You need to know that your data's safe.

Protecting your data and respecting your privacy

are at the core of everything we do.

We've designed strong protections across our hardware family,

like the Titan security chip in our phones and laptops.

Titan protects your most personal on-device information,

your OS data, passwords, even information in third-party apps.

And we know that privacy is personal which is why you have the controls,

so that you can choose the settings you want that are right for you.

We make it easy to access simple on/off controls,

including turning cameras and mikes on your Nest devices off.

And you can now delete assistant data just by asking.

Everything is designed with your privacy in mind,

and you'll see examples of that throughout today's presentation.

Now, we're also gonna talk today about our work

to create more sustainable products and processes.

Developing sustainable solutions to mass production and consumption

is one of the biggest challenges we face today,

as an industry.

It impacts all of us, and it will for generations to come.

Now, we believe Google has both the ability

and the responsibility to create systemic change.

As a company, we've been focused on sustainability for a long time.

Google's operations have been carbon neutral since 2007,

and for the past two years,

we've matched all of Google's energy consumption

with 100% renewable energy.

And we're continuing to expand access to clean energy to more people,

including our suppliers and the communities

where our products are made.

So today we're announcing that Google's committing to invest

another $150 million

in renewable energy projects in key manufacturing regions.

Our investment...


Our investment, alongside financial

and manufacturing partners,

aims to catalyze $1.5 billion of capital.

Now, this'll generate approximately the same amount of renewable energy

as the electricity used to manufacture

Made by Google products.

So when you choose to buy hardware products

from Google you're contributing to bringing renewable energy

to communities around the world.

Sustainable, secure and private, and of course helpful.

That's the Google way to make hardware and services.

Now, we're excited to share with you

how we build these principles into our products,

and here's Ivy Ross, who leads our design team,

who's gonna talk about some of our recent work

in responsible manufacturing and design.

Ross: Thanks, Rick. I'm happy to be back in New York,

to discuss our design philosophy at Google

and tell you about a few things that we've been working on.

I grew up not too far from here, in the Bronx,

and my dad was a designer--industrial designer, too,

and he worked for the legendary industrial designer Raymond Loewy,

on automobiles and a lot of other consumer goods.

When I was little he even made me my own little roadster.

I can remember spending hours in his studio, as a kid,

tinkering with different tools and materials.

And something I learned early on is that, at its core,

design is about solving problems for people.

Whether you're designing a building, an automobile, packaging,

or even a phone the goal is to create unique solutions

to the world's challenges. And sustainability

is one of the fundamental challenges of our generation.

You know, when you look at how most things are made today

it just doesn't make sense. In all too many cases,

devices are manufactured with dirty energy,

from precious minerals and materials

that are rapidly depleted and with technology

that becomes obsolete in a short time and then thrown away.

Right now, we're truly looking at sustainability from every angle.

For years, we've been pushing what's possible in design,

manufacturing, and new materials.

We've been able to include recycled plastics

in products like Chromecast and the new Stadia controller.

And today, I'm happy to share that all of our Nest products

launching in 2019 include recycled plastics.

Instead of these materials ending up in the ocean or in landfill,

we're giving them a new life.

We've designed and engineered the fabric on our Nest mini speaker

so it's made from 100% recycled plastic bottles.

A single half-liter bottle

produces enough textiles to cover more than two Nest minis,

and we didn't compromise on aesthetics or function.

We created beautiful recycled fabrics in colors

that blend into your home while hitting the same rigorous technical

and acoustical requirements.

We continue to focus on products

that empower people to reduce their own environmental impact, as well.

Our Nest team has been at the forefront of these efforts since 2011,

and as of this month, Nest thermostats have helped consumers

save more than 41 billion kilowatts hours of energy.

Enough to power all of Denver's electricity needs for six years.

Rick just filled you in on our new renewable energy investment,

and as of last month, Google is offsetting 100% of the carbon

generated by our shipping partners for all customer orders.

We have so much more to do, but by working with our suppliers,

manufacturers on these initiatives,

our goal is to clear the way for the entire industry

and our planet to benefit.

Another sustainability goal is simply reducing the amount of hardware

you need to buy, in the first place.

What if you didn't need to upgrade a bulky,

new game console every few years?

With Stadia we're actually consolidating devices,

so the only hardware you need is a controller and a screen

to play your games anywhere, any time.

To give people a great gaming experience,

we designed the first cloud-based controller.

You know, great design isn't just about how something looks.

It's also about how it feels,

and subtle design differences can have a profound effect.

And we wanted the controller to be comfortable

in the hands of all gamers.

We found design inspiration in some unlikely places.

Thurston: Hey. Pi: How's it going?

Thurston: Good, man. Nice to meet you.

Pi: Come on in. Thurston: All right.

Pi: When I go to these really nice kitchens

they all have these simple knives.

Like, none of them look like the grocery store knives...

Thurston: Yeah. Pi: With all the grips and details.

It's really uncomfortable, if you rotate your hand around.

The reason why most professional kitchens

have knives like this is you can use it in many ways,

so that is a starting point for the controller.

We literally took a knife handle, and we bent it.

It's like, "Oh," like we're on to something.

Thurston: Yeah.

Pi: So from there, that one ancestor

basically had hundreds and hundreds of kids.

I kept building on it patiently. Thurston: Yeah.

Pi: Until it became that, and it's made for small and large hands,

so it's super usable for a large segment of gamers...

Thurston: Yeah. Pi: That aren't always appreciated.

Chanen: Jason was very, very insistent that we have a non-visible screw design.

Pi: It's super important to give it that nice, clean look...

Thurston: Yeah. Pi: Instead of punching

a bunch of holes onto the back.

Chanen: That was one of the biggest challenges for product design.

We think it's really worth it.

It makes it very comfortable in the hand, and seamless, and Googley.

Thurston: Oh, wow. That was impressive. Good work.

Ross: We worked with thousands of people playing hours and hours of games,

to test our controller against all of its limits.

It needs to feel right for as many people as possible.

Putting people at the center of our design is integral to our process

and our principles, whether it's hardware or software,

creating truly helpful products for people starts with empathy.

One of our earliest projects we tackled within hardware team

was designing a new kind of laptop

that could deliver performance and versatility

in a truly beautiful form.

We wanted to physically embody the speed and simplicity

that people love about Chrome OS.

The result was the original Pixelbook. The response was great.

People really love the award-winning design,

the keyboard, and the speed. So over the past couple of years,

we've been working really hard to bring that kind of experience

to even more people, at a more affordable price.

I actually believe that you can be more creative

when designing within constraints,

so once again, we started with our users' needs,

especially portability and battery life.

We wanted to create a thin and light laptop

that was really fast and also have it last all day.

And of course, we wanted it to look and feel beautiful.

We landed on Pixelbook Go.

The design is so distinctive with an incredibly light magnesium

that lets us create a very smooth, matte finish in great colors.

Pixelbook Go comes in just black and not pink,

one of the iconic colors we introduced on Pixel 3,

and we created a new rippled, wavy bottom that's easy to grip.

Pixelbook Go is lighter than Pixelbook,

but we still managed to add a battery that is 15% larger,

making it easier to keep working all day.

We also spent a lot of time

making sure the keyboard is comfortable and quiet.

We took all of our learnings from the original Pixelbook

and really refined the design.

We ended up with keys that feel great to use

and are even quieter than the original.

And with Chrome OS, Pixelbook Go is always fast, secure,

and all your devices stay in sync with each other.

Everything about Pixelbook

Go is designed to address real user needs,

for an affordable price.

You can preorder it now in just black with not pink coming soon.

Next up, my colleague

Rishi Chandra will tell you about the work

we've been doing to make life at home a little easier.

Thank you.

Chandra: Hey, everyone. I'm excited to give an update on Google Nest

and our mission to create the helpful home.

So last month we launched Nest Hub Max

which is a great example of the power of ambient computing.

See your photos come to life with a screen

that automatically adjusts to your lighting conditions.

Pause your music and videos with a simple hand gesture.

And it automatically adjusts the information and controls,

based on your proximity to the device.

At Nest, we want to put people first and build technology around their needs.

It's the difference between just being smart and being truly helpful.

So while the rest of the industry's focused on standalone devices,

our focus is on building whole home solutions

that bring together technology to provide real help for real homes.

And the most important place to get this right is privacy.

It's your home. The most personal, private space in your life.

So in May, we published a clear set of privacy commitments

which helps you understand how our technology works.

Today, we want to share how these commitments extend beyond Google,

to our third-party ecosystem of partners.

So we're announcing an update to our Works

with Google Assistant program.

We're working with partners to migrate their working Works

with Nest integrations that people know and love,

but doing it built on a foundation of privacy and security.

For example, we're requiring partners to pass a security review,

before they can even request access to your Nest devices.

You should have confidence in how Google and its partners

are protecting your home data.

And then you can focus on, instead,

the great benefits of the helpful home.

For example, let's talk about home audio.

It used to cost thousands of dollars and a professional installation,

if you wanted seamless audio throughout your home.

Well, Google changed all that with a whole-home audio solution

that is simple, affordable, and sounds great.

It started several years ago with the launch of Chromecast,

making it easy to use your phone or your voice

to play content on your favorite devices.

And with Google Home Mini, home audio got even more affordable

with a great-sounding speaker with multi-room support.

And with Nest Hub Max, you now have a home media control center

right on your smart display.

And it all works seamlessly together with stream transfer

where you can naturally move content around your home.

So for example, I can start a playlist

or watch a show on my Nest Hub Max in the kitchen,

and when I'm done cooking just say,

"Hey, Google. Move this to the living room TV."

And it'll pick up right where I left off.

It's really easy.

Now, for a lot of people, Google Home Mini

was a perfect starter kit for your audio system.

And today, we're introducing the next generation--Nest Mini.

It's even more capable with the same affordable price point

and the same iconic design. So let's start with the design.

Colors really help Mini blend naturally into your home,

and you now have a new color option called sky.

And as Ivy mentioned, all of our fabric is made from 100%

recycled plastic bottles. Now, we also heard from you.

You want a little more flexibility of where to place Mini,

so we added a simple wall mount.

It really looks great anywhere in your home.

Now, the original mini was designed to pack

in great sound in a really small form.

And with Nest Mini you get even better-quality sound.

2X stronger bass and even more clear and natural sound.

And for those times when your home gets loud,

like it does at mine, we added a third mike,

to hear you better in noisy environments.

Nest Mini also got a really cool new superpower.

There's a dedicated machine learning chip

with up to one TeraOPS of compute.

So for the first time, core experiences of the Google Assistant

can come from the datacenter and be moved,

instead, to run locally on your device.

Simply put, things are gonna get a lot faster,

as it learns your family's frequent commands.

Finally, Nest Mini also powers an amazing home communication system.

A home intercom, so you can talk room to room.

A home alert system telling you who's at the front door.

A home phone allowing you to call anyone in the world,

for free, using Google Duo.

I can even use my phone to call my Nest devices.

It works great for those times I'm leaving work,

and I want to ask the family what they want for dinner.

So that's the new Nest Mini.

Our next step in bringing seamless audio and communication

to more homes around the world.

Okay. Now, let's talk about home awareness.

One of our core products is Nest Aware which,

combined with our Nest cams,

provides intelligent alerts and camera history.

Now, lots of our users have multiple cameras,

and we've heard from you that our Nest Aware

pricing can get a little expensive and complicated.

So today, we're announcing a new whole home pricing model.

For one monthly rate, you get Nest Aware support across

all your Nest devices in your home.

So whether you have two cameras or you have ten cameras,

you pay the same monthly rate.

And you can choose between two different pricing plans,

depending on your needs. We even added more video history.

The new Nest Aware will be rolling out early next year,

and it'll be easy to switch over your existing plan.

Now, as part of the new Nest Aware subscription,

we're also unlocking the power of speakers and displays,

to be a part of your home awareness system.

So devices like Nest Mini or Nest Hub

can be your ears when you're on the road or on vacation.

We use on-device AI--sound detection AI--to pick up critical sounds,

like barking dogs or smoke and carbon monoxide alarms,

and we send an alert to your phone.

So now, in one go, even those basic smoke alarms become smart smoke alarms.

And when you get an alert you have the option

to her the alert or listen live, to confirm the alarm.

Now, if it is an emergency, the home app can directly connect you

to the 911 call center closest to you,

regardless of where in the world you are.

So in those critical moments, the last thing you want to do

is scramble to find a local emergency dispatcher.

Now, these notifications will be part of the new

Home app which actually includes a new feature called the home feed.

It brings together all the notifications and snippets

from your devices, organizes 'em, and highlights the important stuff,

so you can quickly see priority items, or you get a general recap of the day.

So that's the new Nest Aware.

More affordable with more features and support for more devices.

Okay. Finally, let's talk about home connectivity.

You can have the best home setup in the world,

but it's nothing without great Wi-Fi coverage.

That's why we launched Google Wi-Fi three years ago, and since launch,

it has been the number one selling mesh Wi-Fi system on the market.

And in 2019, it is the top-selling router of any kind,

and it's a router that actually gets better over time with automatic updates,

to add parental controls, improve performance,

and enable Google's latest security features.

Well, today, we're also updating the hardware with Nest Wi-Fi.

Now, the Nest Wi-Fi system's actually two devices.

The router plugs into your modem and creates a powerful home network.

The point expands your coverage.

Now, working together they create a single,

strong Wi-Fi connection throughout your entire home.

And our updated hardware and software delivers

up to 2X the speed and up to 25% better coverage.

So now, the Nest Wi-Fi system only needs one router and one point,

to cover around 85% of homes in the U.S.

Now, we're also solving a common problem you find with routers today.

Most of them get hidden in a closet or cabinet,

because truthfully, they're pretty ugly

which reduces their signal intention by 50%.

Nest Wi-Fi is designed to be out in the open

where it performs at its best with a range of colors

that'll naturally blend into your home.

And of course, it's really simple to use.

With the Google Home app you can set up your Nest Wi-Fi network in minutes,

and once you're set up, it's easy to share your Wi-Fi password,

manage your network, set a schedule for the kids,

or create a guest network.

Nest Wi-Fi also provides a foundation for your smart home connectivity.

We're working with a growing list of partners

to enable seamless setup in the Home app.

And with support for BLE

and Thread we can talk to smart home devices locally,

so you don't have to buy a separate hub.

Stay tuned for even more partner announcements, over the next few months.

Lastly, we added a Google Assistant smart speaker to the Nest Wi-Fi point,

so it does everything the Nest Mini does.

Plays your music with great sound, provides answers to your questions,

and lets you control smart devices with just your voice.

So now, you can broadcast a message to your kids that it's time for dinner.

And if that doesn't work, try saying,

"Hey, Google, pause Wi-Fi for kids' devices."

Pretty sure that'll work. So that's the new Nest Wi-Fi.

Better coverage, smart home support, and the Google Assistant.

It'll be available starting on November 4th.

With new, affordable home solutions for audio, awareness, and connectivity,

everyone now can start building their own helpful home.

Thank you.

female announcer: Right now, in Mountain View, it's 68 and sunny.

Today, it'll be sunny with a forecasted high of 72,

and a low of-- Kwee: Hey, Google. Volume ten.

Hey, John. Can you come here for a sec?

Thurston: So you use this room to test?

Kwee: Right, so we use this type of setting

to really stress the microphones.

Thurston: Okay.

Kwee: Right now, I'm talking to it this way,

but sometimes our devices are higher, and sometimes they're lower, you know?

Thurston: 'Cause I might be down here.

Kwee: Yeah, exactly.

You know, because it's gonna be in so many rooms,

it's sort of a privilege to, you know,

like--but we gotta get this right, you know?

Thurston: Yeah.

Kwee: I come from a family of immigrants,

and they all have accents.

And it's important for me to design products

that, you know, my parents can use and that it works for everyone.

At Google, like, everyone sort of has their slogan of, like,

what their passion is. And on mine it's actually, "Be heard."

It obviously goes into, like, the stuff that I work on,

but also, you know, speaking up when things don't feel right.

What this represents is an entire Google team's voice of,

"We got here, because we worked together."

Thurston: You know what's kind of cool about that is when multiple voices

come together to express sound in a coherent and beautiful way.

Kwee: Yeah? Thurston: We call that harmony.

Kwee: There you go. Harmony. With Wi-Fi.

Ellis: Hi. I'm Sabrina, from the Pixel team.

Now, let's talk about how Google's ambient

computing vision comes to life when you're on the go.

Pixel 4 introduces entirely new helpful experiences

with more natural interactions.

It's completely redesigned with a new look, a new color,

and a beautiful new finish.

And Pixel 4 includes camera features and sensors

that you're not gonna find on any other phone.

Let's start there. Five years ago,

our advanced technologies team began its project Soli,

to investigate radar capabilities. Radar's been around for a long time,

and it's still one of the best ways to sense motion.

It's precise, low power, and it's fast.

There were lots of exciting possibilities,

but here's what our first sensor looked like

when we started working on Soli.

Radar sensors have always been way too big to fit in a phone,

so we shrunk it down into a tiny chip, but that still wasn't small enough.

So we had to shrink it down even more.

Pixel 4 is the first smartphone with a radar sensor.

It powers the new motion sense capabilities,

for more human interactions with your phone.

For instance, Pixel 4 has the fastest secure face unlock on a smartphone,

because the process starts before you've even picked up your phone.

Motion sense prepares the camera when you reach for your Pixel 4,

so you don't need to tap the screen. It's so much faster and smoother.

Motion sense can power down your phone when you walk away

and turn it back on when you approach your phone.

It also lets you control your Pixel with simple gestures.

Swipe to skip a song. Silence a call.

Wave hello to Pikachu.

And the Soli team is working on a wide range of helpful new features,

from gaming to personal wellness. Here's a quick look.

Giusti: It's a very famous saying that any advanced technology

becomes indistinguishable from magic.

That's one of the things we talked about with Soli.

It's a magical sensor.

Thurston: I did it! I touched without touching.

Lien: Radar has a lot of very interesting properties

that would be very useful for human/computer interaction.

You can shrink it down.

Thurston: All of this is now in there? Yes.

Lien: That's right. Yeah. It can sense through materials.

It's extremely sensitive, for motion. Thurston: Yeah.

Giusti: And so we built this new interaction paradigm,

based on the understanding of body language...

Thurston: Yeah. Giusti: Distances, and gestures.

Poupyrev: How can we make the language interaction with technology

closer to what we do naturally, in the real world?

Giusti: Then, of course, we really need to test,

to distinguish between intentional and unintentional gestures.

Just because I wave on top of the device...

Thurston: Yeah.

Giusti: Doesn't mean that I want to skip a song.

If I pick up coffee cup, this gesture is very similar to a swipe.

And this is really important, and I can do this...

Thurston: Whoa. Giusti: And it actually works.

With Soli we can try to understand

more about the implicit behavior that happen around the device.

Thurston: The phone knows earlier what your intention is.

Giusti: Exactly. Let's say the alarm goes off.

Really annoying. Thurston: Yeah.

Giusti: As you reach, we can lower the volume.

Thurston: Ahh. Giusti: The phone is more polite,

and then you can just go gesture, to shut it off.

This moment of understanding each other

happen all the time, between us, but they never happen with technology.

What we can do with the radar is to actually capture aspect

of non-verbal communication.

And as a first step, in Pixel 4, with motion sense,

is to get us close as possible to the intuitive-ness of verbal interaction.

Thurston: Silence.

Ellis: Since the Soli sensor can detect the environment around Pixel 4,

privacy had to be built in, from the start.

You can turn motion sense on or off, at any time.

And when it's on all of the sensor's data is processed right on your Pixel.

It's never saved or shared with other Google services.

And motion sense isn't the only way

we're making your phone interactions faster and more natural.

The Google Assistant is now deeply integrated into Pixel 4's OS

and across your apps.

You can quickly open apps, search across your phone,

share what's on your screen, and a lot more.

The Assistant can simplify multitasking, too,

with a clean, new interface. Check this out.

Just give Pixel 4 a quick squeeze. Show me Maggie Rogers, on Twitter.

What are her concert dates? Share this with Vivian.

Reply, "Let's go see her." Open

Search for Maggie Rogers events.

A key way we're making the assistant this fast

is with an on-device version of our language models

that run in our datacenter,

so they can run locally, right on your Pixel 4.

This means the new assistant uses a hybrid model.

It can respond to many day-to-day requests on device,

like starting a timer or connecting for requests like,

"Is my flight on time?"

You also have new ways to manage your data.

Choose a time limit for how long you want your activity data

to be saved in your Google account,

or just tell the assistant to delete everything you sent to it today,

or this week, and it will.

You're in control, and you can ask it more details by asking,

"Hey, Google, how do you keep my data safe?"

We're taking the same care to protect your on-device data, too,

with Titan M and other security features.

Last year's Pixel 3 scored the highest for built-in security for a smartphone,

according to Gartner. We built Titan M into Pixel 4, as well,

to protect your most sensitive on-device data,

like your passwords, your OS data, and now, your face unlock model.

Your phone has some of your most personal, private information,

and we have a responsibility to keep it safe and secure.

Now, how many of you have tried a voice recorder app?

I know I've tried a few thinking,

"I'll be able to get organized by recording notes to myself,

interesting lectures, important events,"

but then I end up with a bunch of untitled audio clips

that I really don't know what to do with.

So we created a new kind of audio recorder

that taps into our speech recognition and AI.

Let's see it in action.

We've had a Pixel 4 recording the show, for the past few minutes.

As you can see, with one tap I can get recorder

transcribing my words, in real time, as I'm saying them.

Now, to show this is live, it is now 10:44.

And it's pretty accurate. This means you can transcribe meetings,

lectures, interviews, or anything you want to save.

Eric, backstage, is going to save this recording.

And now, I can go into the search bar and find whatever I'm looking for.

I can search for sounds, words, phrases.

Let's see all the times I've mentioned Pixel,

across my entire library of recordings. The places where the word "Pixel"

are said are highlighted in yellow, in the playback bar,

so you can dive into the exact part of the recording you're looking for.

It's pretty cool, and you'll notice this phone is actually in airplane mode.

All this recorder functionality happened on device.

Now, I want to take a minute to talk about Pixel 4's OLED display.

DisplayMate has awarded Pixel 4 XL their highest score,

an A+ rating, together with the best smartphone display award.

In five key areas, like color accuracy and image contrast,

DisplayMate classified Pixel 4

XL's display as visually indistinguishable from perfect.

Pixel 4 is also our first smartphone with a 90

Hz refresh rate, and we've added some smarts.

The refresh rate adjusts on its own, depending on what you are doing,

so you get a great visual experience while still preserving battery life.

Pixel 4 brings together so many helpful new technologies and capabilities,

and you'll get the best Android experience with Android 10.

And you're the first in line to get the latest OS updates and features.

We also want to make sure you get the best experience out of the box,

so Pixel 4 comes with three months of Google

One for new, eligible members. You get lots of premium features,

including pro sessions, for one-on-one virtual help.

So if you have a question about your settings

or want a few tips for the camera, we are there for you.

The new Pixel comes in three colors--just black,

clearly white, and a limited edition called oh so orange.

It also comes in two sizes, both with the same features,

and both available for preorder starting today.

Shipping starts on October 24th.

And we're excited that people will be able to find Pixel in even more places.

We're expanding our carrier partnerships,

so Pixel 4 is now available through every major U.S. carrier.

Now, we didn't forget about the camera. For the past three years,

Pixel set the standard for smartphone cameras

with incredible capabilities,

like HDR plus, super res zoom, top shot, and of course, Night Sight.

With Pixel 4 we're raising that bar yet again,

and it all starts with this little square.

Basically, a miniaturized camera rig right on the back of your phone.

You can see the rear, wide, and telephoto cameras,

a hyper spectral sensor,

a mike for your videos and Instagram stories,

and a flash that we hope you'll use mostly as a flashlight.

But it's there, just in case.

But the hardware isn't what makes our camera so much better.

The special sauce that makes our Pixel camera unique

is our computational photography.

And who better to talk about it

than Professor Marc Levoy, from Google Research?

Levoy: Thanks, Sabrina. It's great to be here.

There's a saying among photographers

that what's important to taking a great picture is,

in order, subject, lighting, lens, and the camera body.

It's their way of saying that it doesn't matter

which SLR body you use,

unless you get the first three elements right.

Well, here's a slightly different take on this list.

Subject, lighting, lens, software.

So by "software" I mean computational photography,

so what does that mean?

It means doing less with hard-wired circuitry and more with code.

I like to call it a software-defined camera.

It typically means capturing and combining multiple pictures,

to make a single, better picture. One version of this is HDR plus.

The technology we've used for taking photos on every Pixel phone.

When you tap the shutter button

we capture a burst of up to nine pictures.

These pictures are deliberately underexposed

to avoid blowing out highlights.

We align them using software and average them

which reduces noise in the shadows.

This lets us brighten the shadows,

giving you detail in both the highlights and the shadows.

In fact, there's a simple formula. Noise goes down as the square root

of the number of images you average together.

So if you use nine images, you get 1/3 as much noise.

This isn't mad science. It's just simple physics.

By the way, on the left is our raw output,

if you enable that in the app.

There's something else about this list. It says the lens is important.

Without quibbling about the order on the list,

some subjects are farther away than you'd like,

so it does help telephoto shots to have a telephoto lens.

So Pixel 4 has a roughly 2X telephoto lens,

plus our super res zoom technology.

In other words, a hybrid of optical and digital zoom

which we use on both the main and telephoto lenses,

so you get sharp imagery throughout the zoom range.

Here's an example. You probably think this is a 1X photo.

It's not. It's a zoom taken


By the way, super res zoom is real multi-frame super resolution,

meaning that pinch zooming before you take the shot

gives you a sharper photo than cropping afterwards,

so don't crop like this.

Compose the shot you want by pinch zooming.

Also, by the way, most popular SLR lenses do magnify scenes,

not shrink them.

So while wide angle can be fun we think telephoto is more important.

So what new computational photography features

are we launching with Pixel 4? Four of them. First, live HDR plus.

Everyone here is familiar with HDR plus' signature look

and its ability to capture extreme brights

and darks in a way that looks crisp and natural.

But even phones with good HDR solutions can't compute them in real time,

so the viewfinder often looks different from the final image.

In this example, the window is blown out,

on the viewfinder, which might tempt you into fiddling with the exposure.

This year, we're using machine learning to approximate

HDR plus in the viewfinder,

so you get our signature look while you compose your shot.

We call this feature live HDR plus,

so the industry's most successful HDR solution is now real time

and WYSIWYG--what you see is what you get.

Now, if we have an intrinsically HDR camera,

we should have HDR controls for it.

So Pixel 4 has dual exposure controls.

Here's an example. This is a nice HDR plus shot,

but maybe you would like to try it as a silhouette.

So you tap on the screen, and lower the brightness slider a bit.

That mainly changes the capture exposure.

Then you lower the shadow slider a lot.

That mainly changes the tone mapping,

and voila, you get a different artistic vision.

Try doing that with any other cell phone.

So separate sliders for brightness and shadows

while you compose your shot.

It's a different way of thinking about controlling exposure in a camera.

Second, white balancing in photography is a hard problem.

Mathematicians call it an ill-posed problem.

Is this snow blue, the way this SLR originally captured it,

or is it white snow illuminated by a blue sky?

We know that snow is white. With enough training so can the camera.

We've been using learning-based white balancing in Night Sight since Pixel 3.

In Pixel 4, we're using it in all photo modes,

so you get truer colors, especially in tricky lighting.

Here's a tough case. An ice cave.

It's blue light, but not a blue person.

And here's what it looks like with Pixel 4's white balancing.

Third, we've continued to improve portrait mode

with our dual pixel or split pixel technology.

We've always been good at portraits and at macro shots.

This year, we're computing depth, again using machine learning,

from both dual pixels and dual cameras,

which gives us accurate depth farther from the camera.

This extends portrait mode to large objects

and stand-further-back portraits.

We also have a luscious new SLR-like boke.

That's the shape of the blur.

Look at the lights on either side of her head.

We're doing better on hair and dog fur which are hard.

And of course, we still do great selfie portraits.

Fourth and last, we have continued to improve Night Sight,

in many ways, and extended it to a use case

that has always been sort of a holy grail, for me.

You could have taken this dusk shot using Pixel 3 last year.

Using Pixel 4 you can take this nighttime picture,

from the same viewpoint.

In the year since we launched it,

Night Sight has been called everything from fake to sorcery.

Well, it's neither.

Think back to the mathematics that I explained at the beginning.

Astrophotography is about taking longer exposures and more of them.

Up to 16 seconds times 15 exposures.

That's four minutes, but it's a single shutter press,

and it's fully automatic.

By the way, you can't do this with a single long exposure.

In four minutes, the stars do move, and trees wave in the wind.

So you need robust alignment and merging of multiple pictures.

And for a four-minute exposure, we do recommend a tripod,

or you can prop your phone on a rock.

Is there machine learning? Yes.

We use it for white balancing, as I mentioned.

We also use semantic segmentation in all our photo modes

and have for years, to brighten faces in HDR plus,

a feature we call synthetic fill flash,

to separate foregrounds from backgrounds, in portrait shots,

and to darken and de-noise skies in Night Sight.

Is there computational photography? There's lots of that too.

Digital sensors are prone to hot pixels that are stuck at red, green, or blue.

The longer the exposure the more hot pixels.

Our exposures are pretty long,

so we need some clever algorithms to remove those hot pixels.

By the way, that's our astrophotography field testing team.

And yes, they sat still for a long time, for this shot.

So where does this game stop? What can't we capture, using Pixel 4?

Well, we can capture the moon which, by the way, required some fiddling

with those dual exposure controls I told you about.

And we can capture a moonlit landscape.

This is not daytime. It's the middle of the night,

and the landscape is illuminated only by the moon.

See the stars?

But what we can't do, including on Pixel 4 today,

is capture both at once, in the same picture.

The problem here is that the moon is blown out,

and the Marin headlands, at the bottom, are just a silhouette.

The dynamic range--the difference in brightness between a full moon

and a moonlit landscape is 19 F stops.

That's 19 doublings. About half a million times brighter.

Way beyond the range of any consumer camera, even an SLR.

So is this scene forever impossible with a cell phone?

Remember what I said at the beginning, about software-defined camera.

Pixel is committed to making its cameras better with software updates,

so stay tuned on this one.

To sum up, four new computational photography features.

Live HDR plus with dual exposure controls.

Learning-based white balancing.

Wider-range portrait mode with an SLR boke

and Night Sight with astral photography.

Oh, and remember, you can use Night Sight

for many things besides stars.

Many things, so go out there, and be creative with Pixel 4.

Now, it's my honor to introduce one of my favorite artists

who has spent her career creating some of the most memorable photographs

of the last 50 years. 12 months ago, we gave her a Pixel,

and she's taken it all over the country, to build a new collection of portraits.

She also gives us suggestions and candid feedback

which we've taken to heart, in the tuning of the Pixel 4 camera.

So please welcome my friend Annie Leibovitz,

along with our own Lily Lin.

Lin: Thank you, Marc. Hi, Annie.

Leibovitz: Thank you, Marc. Thank you, Marc. Thank you, Marc.

Lin: Thanks for joining us today.

Leibovitz: This is an extraordinary opportunity that Google gave me,

and I've always been interested in the camera phone

and, you know, what it could do

and what it--you know, what its potential was.

And Google came to me and said,

"We'd like to support you in some sort of artistic endeavor,"

and we thought of this project. And I mean it's obvious

the--what's interesting about a camera phone,

I mean, is you can carry it in your pocket, for example.

But go ahead. I'm sorry. Lin: No, no. It's great.

I know that you've been using the camera for over a year now,

to shoot a collection of photographs.

Some of which we're seeing the behind-the-scenes here.

Can you tell us more about the project?

Leibovitz: Well, we started really with the Pixel 3,

and you know, I was very, you know, suspicious

and, you know, very careful with it.

And it really became an exercise in light,

and composition, and content.

And then when the Pixel 4 came along

I was kind of very impressed about how I relaxed with it,

and just glided with it, and used it,

and really just enjoyed taking pictures.

I'm really towards the end of--I mean we're going to be doing more work,

but towards the end of the work that we were doing I felt like

I was just beginning to sort of get it.

And I just let the camera do the work,

quite honestly, and really enjoyed myself.

But the project--the people--I mean--

Lin: Some of which we have here today. Noor, and Chase, and Idris.

Leibovitz: Noor and Chase--I just... It's incredible.

I mean, the people made the project.

We really turned to people who care, and people who matter,

and people who are doing things that give us hope across the board.

And you know, every single person that we photographed

is doing something that they care about what they're doing,

and they represent, you know, great parts of us

who are getting on with it, you know?

Lin: Change-makers I think is what I've heard you call them.

True change-makers around the country, so you've been traveling.

Speaking of country--traveling across the country

shooting these amazing subjects.

Leibovitz: When Google first came to me,

you know, they sort of totally seduced me by saying,

"Would you like to drive across the country?"

And then, you know--and that turned into, of course, you know,

going back to people, so--

Lin: Yeah. It's great.

Leibovitz: If you see what I did was I decided to take two photographs,

to create a portrait,

and 'cause it's hard to say what you want to say about a person,

especially these extraordinary people, in one picture.

And so I made it a diptych and took two photographs,

for example, with Sarah Zorn, from the Citadel.

There's a photograph of her, you know,

almost on graduation day, in her uniform.

But next to her is a photograph of the boots

she wore for four years, you know, every single day so.

Lin: Well, so I have to ask.

I'm so curious, because you have access to the world's best camera equipment,

so how is it different with this project,

just having what you have in your pocket now?

What is that experience like?

Leibovitz: Well, I've been using, like everyone else,

you know, camera phones for a while.

And the whole idea was,

"Can you use it to go out and do work, as a photographer?"

And I was dying for this, to be given this opportunity,

by Google, to sort of develop,

you know, the camera phone for a photographer and how to use it.

And you know, as I said before, it was a little bit of a rough start,

and then I just relaxed, and I really--totally enjoying myself.

One of the last shoots with Meg, the soccer player,

it really felt like we were just floating.

Lin: Yeah.

Leibovitz: I mean she was really a beautiful--anyway,

she was just a beautiful muse, and I took these photographs

that I wasn't really thinking about the camera

or thinking, you know, just really composing.

And the light was beautiful, and she had that red shock of hair,

and you know-- Lin: It's great.

Leibovitz: You just--it was great.

Lin: That's right. Well, so before we go,

since I have you, I have to ask.

What pro tips do you have for all of us here

who want to take beautiful images like this with the phone in your pocket?

Leibovitz: Oh, it's all inside you.

I mean you just go out, and you do it, and it's all there.

I think what's great about, you know, the camera

phone--I mean my children use this camera,

and I mean we all are using this camera.

And it's a brand new language, and you know,

if you want to do something more specific,

then, you know, you may fall into another category,

and you are a photographer.

But it's just really great that this is available for everyone to use.

Lin: Yeah. The democratization of photography

is what I've heard you call it so-- Leibovitz: I think it's great.

Lin: Thank you so much, and thank you.

I wish we had more time, but I know you, as well as Noor,

Chase, Idris are gonna be sticking around, so thank you for that.

Thanks for joining us onstage, and guys, Annie Leibovitz.

Leibovitz: Okay. Thank you.

Osterloh: Thank you so much, Annie.

Amazing project. We're all huge fans. That was awesome.

Well, as you've seen today, our vision for ambient computing

is to create a single, consistent experience

across your home, your work, and on the go.

It's available anywhere you want it whenever you need it.

With the introduction of our new Pixel phone,

Pixel buds, Pixelbook Go, Nest Mini, Nest

Wi-Fi we're taking a big step

towards this vision with much more to come.

And we couldn't get to all the product experiences today,

so if you're here with us, in New York,

there'll be a lot more product details to see upstairs, in person.

And for those on the live stream, please go to the Google store online.

See a lot more.

Thanks so much for joining us today, and we'll see you again soon.

Thank you.

Person: Guess what? We play it louder.

Louder. Bigger, better, prouder. Ramp up the volume.

Turning up the power.

Guess what? Guess what? Right?

Guess what? Guess what?

Person: Hey, Google. Turn it up.

Person: Louder. Louder. I feel good. I feel good.

Person: Oh, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah.

Person: I feel nice. I feel nice.

Person: Oh, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah.

Person: I feel ready. I feel ready.

Person: Oh, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah.

Person: Yeah that's right. Yeah that's right.

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