How to use "WOULD" like a native English speaker
- I remember when I was a baby,
- Granddad I can't play on the street,
there's like a million cars out there.
- I would just go outside and play with the cars.
- Mom, grandad's going strange again.
- I would prefer it if you didn't tell anyone
- So disgusting.
Would you like a towel or something for the-
- Um, actually Timmy a new pair of pants would be better.
- Every time I as you a question,
write your answer in your notes.
write your notes in the comments.
First, of course you probably know this one,
this is when you make softer, more polite questions
If I am at a pancake restaurant
and the waiter wants to offer me more pancakes,
A waiter should be polite, formal, right?
So he won't say do you want, no.
it just sounds softer, more polite,
Actually we can make this more polite.
Give me a lift to the station.
that means to take someone in your car,
In this case she wants a lift to the train station.
Usually, if you have a request you want to be polite.
So she should change this to would
and the word mind, it sounds much more polite.
Would you mind give me a lift?
Okay there is one problem here.
With this expression, would you mind,
you need to change that verb to an ING,
Would you mind giving me a lift?
That sounds much better, much more polite.
If he wants to say yes that's okay,
he can reply no, I don't mind.
So again do you mind or would you mind,
it just means is it a problem?
So his answer no, it's not a problem.
think of a polite request that you want to ask someone.
Use the word would in your request.
Remember write all your answers
in your notes, then at the end of the video
write those notes in the comments and I'll reply.
It's the past of will, that's easy.
Okay so tomorrow I will go out,
but today I would stay at home.
No, see no, no high five for you.
Okay as a past of will, let me explain.
Okay so when you're a child you have ideas
So this kid is saying when I grow up
Okay so lets go to the future.
Okay now in the future this is him as an adult,
and he wants to say from a baby I knew
We talked about the future here,
but now he's referencing the past about the future,
So we change the future to a past.
when I was a child I thought I would be a magician.
To be honest I'm kind of disappointed
what did you think you would do as a grown up?
Another common way we use this is very British,
So you look outside your window,
you see a few clouds, some good sun.
Okay, I feel confident, I feel optimistic.
I think it will be sunny today, I think.
So you decide to wear shorts and a t-shirt.
But you forgot you live in England
So now you're wet and you're cold
Ugh, I thought it would be sunny today.
Again, it's a past thought about the future.
So would is not simply the past of will, no.
would, it's the future from the past.
Another way might be reported speech.
and you're wondering oh who's going to bring the beer?
And he remembers that he had a conversation
She said this: "I'll bring the beer,"
but remember this is from the past,
so how does he report that speech?
Oh yeah Becky said she would bring the beer.
Or contract it, she said she'd bring the beer.
So again in reported speech you're bringing the future
In that way it's okay to use would
Because as you know, in reported speech
the verbs, they go back one form,
Another way you can use would as a past of will
You can use it to say that something
or someone refused to do something.
For example, in the morning you are trying to go to work,
so you get in your car (door closing),
So when you finally arrive at work
I'm sorry, I'm sorry I'm late,
I'm late I know, I'm sorry, I'm sorry.
So we changed the car won't start,
You can use this for other machines,
like I think my laptop's broken,
But yeah it means refused to do something.
You want to go to the cinema with your friend,
but your friend doesn't want to go.
So she goes to the cinema alone.
And she wants to say my friend refused to come with me.
My friend wouldn't, now do we use to or no,
This is a motor verb, no to after this.
My friend wouldn't come with me.
I think three, I've already lost count.
The next question, if I ask my friend to send
I'll do it later, what did she say?
The next question, when was the last time
that your friend refused to join you
Remember to use wouldn't in your answer.
Okay next we can use would to talk about
hypothetical or unreal events or situations.
This is also known as the second conditional.
You don't need to remember that,
but that's the name of this grammar.
I made a whole video about this grammar,
you can watch it by clicking here.
But basically it just means you're talking about
hypothetical situation, it's not real.
You imagine a different situation
If I had lots of money I would travel.
An imaginary situation, that verb is past,
You mean present, but the verb is past.
Another example, probably you are not in England right now,
but if you were in England right now,
you would eat English food, right?
Because English food is the best.
In England we don't eat English food, it's disgusting.
But again, if you want a more complete explanation
of the second conditional of this grammar form
you can click here to watch that video.
Or if you feel confident in your notes,
If you met your favorite person,
is very useful when giving advice
she has to break up with her boyfriend today
some recommendations about how to do it.
I have to break up with John today,
Well her friend can offer advice,
can offer recommendations using would,
It removes the if I were you sentence.
So it sounds like and it feels like
but what she says is I would blah, blah, blah.
If you have to break up with someone,
People always say break up with someone face to face,
no, if someone broke up with me,
just be like I don't love you anymore, bye.
your friend has to break up with someone,
Give them advice, give them recommendations.
Now that is for present unreal situations,
but what about past unreal situations?
That's called the third conditional.
And again I have a whole video explaining it.
You can click here to watch that,
but the short explanation is this.
Okay today you went to school,
but lets imagine that you didn't
Lets imagine that you did something else.
So the correct form of that would be
if you hadn't gone to school or work,
Now don't worry, many people will need
more of an explanation than just this,
a full video all about this grammar form.
But again if that is enough for you,
And that is your next question.
if you hadn't gone to work today,
Would you have stayed in bed all day?
Now remember, like I said before,
you can give advice, you can give recommendations
It's the same with a third conditional,
It's not helpful and really you're just telling that person
But you might hear it and you might want to use it.
he missed his flight because he slept too long.
And his very unhelpful friend will say
oh that sucks, I wouldn't have slept so late.
Yeah cheers you're brilliant and I'm stupid,
One of them cheats on the other one,
and they're like yeah he cheated on me
But another person in that friend group
In the friend group everyone talks about
what they would have done in that situation.
So you're next question is this.
What would you have done in that situation,
if your boyfriend or girlfriend had cheated on you?
We can also use would to talk about past behaviors,
When I was a kid I used to go out every day,
It talks about repeated past actions
The word would can replace used to
when we talk about repeated past actions,
So we can change some of these.
This is a repeated action, right?
Every day, it's and it's past.
Great, so when I was a kid I would go out every day.
The meaning is the same, the feeling is the same.
I used to see friends, same thing.
And again, we would play games.
I can contract these to be honest.
When I was a kid, I'd go out every day,
I'd see friends, we'd play games.
That's good, that sounds natural.
Would is not for past states, no.
Used to is okay but not would.
So for this one I can't use would.
I would be fat, no, that doesn't work.
When I was a kid I'd go out every day,
I'd see friends, and we'd play games.
Okay those ideas, they're not connected,
The next question for your notes is this.
Tell me how your life used to be.
When you lived in a different country,
maybe when you had a different job.
How was your life different than to now?
Use the words used to and would.
Okay, okay, finally, finally, finally,
going back to that whole politeness thing,
and you know that would is the word we use
for hypothetical or unreal situations,
well that is why would makes a question
a bit more polite, a bit softer
It adds distance with what you're requesting
With would it doesn't sound immediate.
Do you wanna go to the cinema tonight?
But what about if you asked with would?
Would you wanna go to the cinema tonight?
It adds a level of distance to your question.
Maybe we could go, it's not definite,
I'm not definitely going, I'm just thinking of going.
But if I was going would you wanna go?
It's not so direct as this type of question.
So try this type of question with would.
The next time you want to test someone's feelings
about a hypothetical, particularly
but you're not sure how they feel about it.
So yes there are lots of different ways
And I hope that clarifies many of the ways.
The answers that you wrote in your notes,
I'll correct you, I'll reply to you.
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