All about money
You can use a current account for your day-to-day banking needs. Your bank might give you a cheque book, which allows you to write cheques to pay for goods and services. You'll probably also have a bank card which allows you to withdraw cash from cash machines (also known as atm or "hole in the wall" machines) and to pay for goods in shops. You get a secret pin number (personal identification number) that you use when you withdraw cash.
If you receive a cheque, you can pay it in or deposit it at your bank. You can also pay in cash (money). If you want to convert your cheque into cash, you can cash the cheque. Some companies can also pay money into your account via a direct bank transfer.
In the UK, people traditionally use banks for a range of services. As well as an overdraft facility (where you borrow money from the bank), people also get a mortgage (loan to buy a house), personal loan, and insurance from their banks. High street banks (the sort of banks which you can find on any high street) are also good places to change money.