Upgrade Your Vocabulary 😎 Better Ways to Say VERY... Happy / Sad / Good / Bad


Well hey there! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish

and in this lesson today, I'm going to help you to break

some bad habits. Hopefully we can stop you from being  

a little lazy at times with your word choice. There are so many

interesting and intelligent ways

of expressing your ideas in English.

In factwe're going to take a lot of these kind of dull

boring English words and replace them with better ones.

More colourful, more impressive language.

We're going to be focused on expanding your vocabulary

and as always, I've got a mini quiz for you at the end

of this video to make sure that all these exciting new words

actually stick in your mind and become part of your regular

everyday vocabulary.

So hang around till the end and test what you know.

So we all have bad habits, don't we? And we tend to get stuck

in those bad habits because

they just become familiar and really easy.

So many of my students get stuck in the habit of using

basic vocabulary because it's easy

and yeah you can communicate your message with

basic English vocabulary right and that's awesome

but there's gonna come a time when either you notice or

other people around you start to notice that actually

you're just using the same words on repeat again and again.

To be interesting, to impress and influence people,

you've got to keep expanding your vocabulary and it's not  

just the vocabulary that you understand. It's the vocabulary that

comes to you instantly as you're using it

as you're speaking, as you're writing so we want to activate

that broader vocabulary today.

And one surefire way to expand your vocabulary

and sound more impressive as you use English is to use

better adjectives, better descriptive words in your sentences.

And you can train yourself to stop using

really dull and boring adjectives just by avoiding one little word


Very happy, very good, very bad.

And a little hint. Some other words that you might be using with

dull adjectives are words like so,

such and really.

And the cool thing is, this one simple rule will help you to become

more conscious and more aware of the words that you choose

when you speak and this is really important because

using very regularly is a habit that you need to break.

So then I said he was very

Maybe it's too late to fix it in that moment but

you will be more likely to remember next time and to change

the words that you're using and that's really what being conscious

of your mistakes means. Being aware that it's happening

and this will help you to change your behaviour.

If you practise this skill while you're writing, you have the

opportunity to think of a better word in that moment or even

look one up and grow the vocabulary that you're using that way.

So let's start with very happy.

Now there's lots of different ways to express this idea in English,

isn't there?





If we look at some examples we should be able to make it

a little clearer when to use each one.

She just found out she's pregnant. She's very happy.

We can add more meaning by saying:

She's overjoyed. She's full of happiness and joy.

We could say that she's thrilled especially if she's really happy

and excited.

We can say she's ecstatic or she's elated

and that's even stronger again. That's joyful excitement  

you know, an overwhelming feeling of happiness

in a really positive way.

So if you want to add even more meaning,

choose one of those two.

There are so many better and more meaningful ways to say

that you're very sad and I think this lesson is gonna be like

a roller coaster it's gonna be full of highs and lows.

Happy, sad, good, bad but we're just gonna ride it out okay?

The truth is we can be sad for lots of different reasons

and we can be sad in lots of different ways.

So as you start expanding your vocabulary,

you really need to become more aware of the little

nuances between words like heartbroken, devastated,

disappointed and dejected.

Because all of them are more meaningful ways to talk about

that feeling of being very sad.

His girlfriend just left him.

He's very sad.

So in this context, she left him means that she broke up with him.

So he's probably heartbroken

and heartbroken is the perfect adjective to use when

love is involved in sadness.

You could also say that he's devastated too, especially if he

wasn't expecting it you know, and it was a bit of a shock.

So when you have sadness together with shock and surprise,

these emotions together, devastated is a really good choice.

Let's look at a different example.

Sara looked very sad. She'd been so confident

she would win the competition, but then she came fifth.

She looked disappointed. She's unhappy because she wasn't

as good as she thought she'd be.

But you could also say that

Sarah looks dejected.

Using dejected suggests that in that moment, she's lost hope that

she'll ever compete again. It's that sad, she's just lost all hope.

There are several other really great words that you can say  

if you're very sad. You might use ashamed,

melancholy, crestfallen.

I mean you're gonna have so much fun with a thesaurus

but the trick with these new words is studying how they're used,

making sure that you're using them accurately with the

appropriate verbs and prepositions that they often get used with.

And the second thing you need to be aware of is the context

in which they're used because those nuanced meanings

are ever so slightly different and makes one more appropriate  

to use in one situation while another perhaps not.

A great way to practise this is to write sentences using

these words down in the comments below

so that I can check them for you,

help you to choose the right one for the right context

and that sentence when you're practising with this activity,

it can be really simple. It can just be he or she looked

with that adjective

because and then include a short description of the situation.

He looked devastated because

he lost the competition.

Stop saying very good, there are so many other

better ways of saying very good in English.

Very good should be banned because instead we can say

amazing, fantastic,







and awesome. Did I say awesome already?

All these words are so similar, you can use them in almost

any situation.

That's a very good idea.

That's a marvellous idea.

That's an excellent idea.

I thought your performance was very good.

Your performance was exceptional.

Your performance was amazing.

It was a splendid performance.

Okay brace yourself. We're going down again,

we're gonna think of some alternatives for very bad.

Can you think of any because there are lots of them.

I'm sure some are popping into your mind already.





and atrocious.

Can you hear that stressed syllable in those words

when I pronounce it? I'm exaggerating the stressed syllable

to add emphasis and even more meaning.

Horrible. Atrocious.

You can do that with all adjectives whether they're

positive or negative adjectives to add even more meaning.

It tasted very bad.

It tasted awful! Yuck!

It tasted disgusting!

Disgusting can be used when food tastes really bad or

when something smells really bad.

That smells disgusting!

The weather's been very bad lately.

The weather's been terrible lately.

It's been dreadful!

If you're talking about someone's behaviour and you're saying that

they behaved very badly, you might say that their

behaviour was atrocious. His behaviour was atrocious.

I love that word, atrocious.

There's not a lot of things in the world that are atrocious

but it is a very good adjective to use

when you're saying that something is very bad.

The weather was atrocious.

You have to be careful about how you use these negative

adjectives because they have a really strong meaning

and they can be offensive, especially if you're using them

to talk about a person or something that they do

or something that they care about, that can hurt.

Can you think of any other ways to say very bad?

This is a really good activity to practise,

to activate words that you don't use so often.

So if you can think of some other ways to say very bad

add them down in the comments below.

If you catch yourself talking about something that is very big

then you can replace this kind of average adjective with a more

sophisticated one like huge, obviously,

enormous, massive,

gigantic and monstrous.

We walked through a very big gate at the entrance.

It was an enormous gate.

The gate that we walked through was massive.

Gigantic and monstrous are very, very big - exceptionally large.

Some of the ships that pull in and out of the port

near my house are monstrous.

When I'm walking past these gigantic ships,

I feel very small.

Can you think of a better way to say very small?




Paul was quite angry about the damage even though the scratch

on his car was very small.

It was tiny,


We could hardly see it.

The chances of losing all our money are very small.

They're minimal.

The chances are minimal.

Let's keep going. What can you think of that's very dirty?

Your kitchen,

your dog after it's rolled in dirt.

Don't let that dog inside, it's very dirty!

It's filthy!

Filthy is a great word for very dirty.

Your bedroom is filthy.

If you're talking about a room or maybe a car

that is very clean,

you could say it was spotless or



not a single thing was out of place.

We were so impressed when we got home,

the house was very clean.

The house was spotless.

It was immaculate.

They must have spent hours cleaning it.

And we can definitely improve on very pretty, can't we?

And I'm sure, absolutely certain that you have at least one  

alternative in mind.

Hopefully, it was beautiful but we can also use stunning,

elegant or even exquisite.

She looked very pretty as she came down the stairs

in a blue dress.

She looked stunning as she came down the stairs.

And lastly, as we come off the high of very pretty

of course we need to have very ugly right.

So instead of very ugly, you could say hideous.

So it's not heidis which is a common mistake

that I often hear my students make. It's hideous.

And you can also say grotesque.

Now obviously, I don't need to remind you again but

I feel like I have to, these adjectives are extremely strong

and negative so please don't use them to describe people.

That's awful!

Some of the big houses up on the hill

are very ugly. They're grotesque.

Their driveways are lined with very ugly statues.

The statues are hideous.

They're hideous.

Just because people have lots of money, doesn't mean

they have good taste, right?

Grotesque houses and hideous statues.

Okay so it's time to test everything you know

with a little quiz, I'm going to read out a sentence

and you need to improve the words

that are highlighted in the sentence.

There might be more than one option that you can choose from

so that makes it a little bit easier

but I'm going to go through them quite quickly because I want to

test your recall, I want to test how quickly are these new words

popping into your head all right?

So we're going for speed this time.

Usually your car's full of rubbish, but today it's very clean!

Today it's spotless. Today it's immaculate.

A very ugly monster emerged from the cave.

A hideous monster.

A grotesque monster.

Have you seen her engagement ring? It's very pretty.

It's beautiful.

It's elegant.

It's stunning.

It's exquisite.

We were very sad to hear the fire destroyed their family home.

We were devastated to hear that

They're getting married this afternoon but unfortunately,

the weather looks very bad!

The weather looks awful.




Look at the queue of people waiting to get in, it's very big!

It's huge.

It's enormous.

The queue is massive.



It rained the entire weekend we were away camping,

so when we got home on Sunday, everything was very dirty.

Everything was filthy.

They suggested we meet them in France which,

I thought, was a very good idea!

Was a marvellous idea.

An excellent idea.

An exceptional idea.

A splendid idea.

John and Kate were very happy when they found out they

won the grand prize!

John and Kate were overjoyed.

They were thrilled.

They were ecstatic.

They were elated.

Let me know how you went with the quiz down in the comments

below. If there are a couple of words that you got wrong or

maybe they took you a little while to think of,

hit the pause button now and practise writing a few more

sentences like these down in the comments below.

Another really great way of practising these adjectives is if you

have a speaking partner that you practise speaking

English with regularly

or maybe you have a tutor or someone else you meet up with

ask them to listen out for very. Every time you use very

when you're speaking, ask them to stop you

and let you know that you've used very and give you the chance

to think of a better word to describe

that situation or that thing.

There is no better way to improve your vocabulary

and the way that you're using it than to stop in that moment

and get you to self-correct, correct that or improve

that adjective as you're using it.

I hope that you enjoyed this lesson. If you did, make sure you

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I make new mmmEnglish lessons every week.

In fact, here's a couple that I prepared earlier.

I'll see you inside the next one.

Bye for now!