ESL, Napredni nivo
In 599 BC, a maritime expedition led by a man called Protis arrived in the Bay of Marseille. He appealed to the king for ......... to establish a city. When the king's only daughter, Gyptis, chose Protis for her husband, extensive land was given as her dowry. It was on this land that the future city of Marseille was built.
Marseille is located on the southeast coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the oldest city in France. In this area, ......... villages are infused with the scent of lavender, baked bread and outdoor cafes' famous foods of the region.
Marseille has worked diligently to escapeits former reputation as a dangerous and corrupt city. This ......... has created a business and tourist magnet, resulting in a billion-dollar industry.
Artists Cezanne and Van Gogh found their ......... in the views of the local vineyards, sunflower fields, olive groves, and lavender fields, transferring these magical sights to canvas.
Nearby is the ......... town of Avignon, once famous for being the seat of the Papacy. The Palace of Popes is still a favorite tourist attraction, with more than 650,000 visitors per year. The monument is considered the greatest Gothic palace in the world.
Although the interior of the pontifical court no longer displays evidence of the former great wealth, the magnitude of the fortress stands as a(n) ......... witness to the power of the Popes who once resided there.
Another ......... attraction is the Mediterranean Alcatraz, dating back to the early 1500s. Both royalty and commoners were incarcerated here; often their only offense was in being a believer in the Protestant doctrine.
The ......... of the prison was due to its being used as the setting by the author, Alexandre Dumas, in his novel, "The Count of Monte Cristo". Dumas relates the fictional tale of Edmond Dantes, who is the victim of a sinister plot and must serve a life sentence.
A humorous tale of ......... is one of the favorite stories told by the local people of a sardine that blocked the port entrance. Actually, a British ship named the "Sartine" was attacked and run aground, blocking the port. A slight distortion in the work makes the tale much more interesting!
Towering over 505 feet, Notre Dame de la Garde majestically dominates the port and city of Marseilles. The chapel was originally built in 1214, but ......... invaders added a fortress wall in 1525, making it a military focus rather than a religious one. Renovations in latter years included covering the statue entirely in gold leaf.